Riga is the capital city of Latvia and the main industrial, business, cultural, sports and financial centre in the Baltic States and an important port city.
With 699 203 inhabitants (2012), it is the largest city in the Baltic States and the third largest city (after St. Petersburg and Stockholm) throughout the entire Baltic Sea region.
The gem of the Baltics
Riga is situated at the mouth of the Daugava, on the shores of the Gulf of Riga on the Baltic. Riga has an ancient history and rich cultural heritage. Travellers can admire the diverse architecture of Riga, especially the Art Nouveau buildings.
Riga has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site thanks to the collection of art nouveau buildings that is one of the largest in the world, as well as a city in whose architecture the entire history from 1201 to the present day is reflected. It is also valued as a city with a unique collection of wooden developments in its central section.
Riga Old City
Old Riga is the historical and geographical centre of Riga on the right bank of the Daugava.
Old Riga covers a relatively small inner area of the 13th-18th century fortifications where unique monuments of medieval architecture which, surprisingly, have survived two world wars are concentrated.
House of Blackheads
House of the Blackheads, originally called the New House, was built in 1334.
It has been reconstructed on numerous occasions – from 1522, when the entrance was supplemented with doorstones, up to late 19th century, when the house was decorated with lion figures above its entrance and a rendition of St George appeared in the adjacent building.
The Riga Dome
The Dome is the Latvian Archbishop’s cathedral and a church of the Dome parish.
Historically, the Riga Dome was the Livonian Order’s central cathedral until the disintegration of the Order in 1561.
In the medieval period, the Riga Dome Cathedral was the largest and one of the oldest sacral buildings in Latvia and the entire Baltic Region.
Riga central market
This unique site is found almost in the very heart of Riga, a few dozen steps away from the Old Town of Riga, on the bank of the Daugava, next to Riga Bus Station and Central Railway Station
Close to a vivid monument of Soviet architecture − the 21 storey high Academy of Sciences high-rise, it is Riga Central Market, one of the largest markets in Eastern Europe, and it is still functioning – it is visited daily by 80 000 to 100 000 people.
The market is a popular place for shopping, offering almost everything.
40% of buildings in the centre of Riga belong to art nouveau, which is more than in other European cities. Moreover, art and architecture connoisseurs believe that it is in Riga that art nouveau found especially powerful and sweeping expression.
In order to preserve Old Riga, Riga’s wooden buildings and the art nouveau architecture, the historical centre of Riga has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Art nouveau emerged in Europe at the turn of the twentieth century and continued its march of victory up until World War I.
Rēzekne is situated 242 km away from the capital city Riga in the Rezekne River valley and is placed on 7 hills.
Rezekne can boast of such industrial sectors such as mechanical engineering and woodworking. It is an important rail and road hub, a gateway between the East and the West.
Rezekne is Latgale centre of culture and education. It is multinational city that has welcomed different nationalities, so you can hear many different languages here.
It is the city where people live with the faith in their hearts. Rezekne - it is the city that has the charm of antiquity and progressive time. Rezekne - it is the heart of Latgale!
RĒZEKNE CASTLE RUINS
The well-fortified 15 m high Rēzekne castle mound served as the location of an ancient Latgalian castle already in the 9th– 12th centuries.
In 1285 the Livonian Order began the construction of a two-story stone castle with three-story high towers. In the 14-16th centuries the castle was the Livonian overlord’s residence of the Rēzekne county.
RĒZEKNE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH OF THE HOLIEST JESUS HEART
In 1914 the Jesus Heart cathedral was consecrated. Inside the cathedral the most noteworthy objects are the carved wooden altars decorated with the sculptures of Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary, Saint Theresa and others.
Cathedral is also famous for the stained glass images of Livonian bishops – Saint Meinhard and Saint Albert. Since 1995 the church has been the centre of Rēzekne – Aglona diocese and the bishop’s seat.
CULTURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF LATGALE
The Latgale Culture and History Museum was established in 1959 as a branch of the Ludza Region Research Museum.
However, its origin can be traced back to the 1930s when the Latgale Central Museum was set up and was located in the current building of the museum until World War Two.
HOLY TRINITY EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH OF REZEKNE
Utilizing the design of A. Jefimov the first church was built in 1886 on Mescanska Street (now Rainis Street). It was a rather small one-story wooden building without any architecturally noteworthy elements.
The construction of a red brick church to replace the old wooden structure was begun in the mid 1930’s, using the neogothic design of engineer J. Cīrulis
Rezekne Orthodox Church of The Birth of The Holy Virgin
In 1934 the decision was taken to build the Orthodox Church in Režica. The project was worked out by the architects of Petersburg – D. Viskonti and Š. Bodē II. The construction work was started in 1840, but the church was dedicated after 6 years (25th June, 1984) in honour to the birth of the Virgin.
The family chapel of the Karaulov much endured in the thunderstorm on June 14th 1998 and its metal elements corroded. The chapel could ruin any time. Now it is being demounted and renovated.
The Republic of LATVIA is a country in the Northern Europe, on the East coast of the Baltic Sea. It is one of the three Baltic States and a member of the European Union.
- Area: 64 589 km2
- Population: 2 003 900 (as of 2013)
- Political system: a parliamentary republic
- Official language: Latvian
- Capital city: Riga (population - 723931)
- Currency: Euro (EUR), 1 Euro = 100 cents
- Time zone: GMT + 2, from April to November: GMT + 3
Latvia is one of the greenest countries in the world with unspoilt nature ( 500 km long sandy beaches and 45% of the territory covered by natural forests).
Latvia has rich historical heritage unique in Europe, culture and beautiful architecture and lot of places with is worth to visit. Since ancient times Latvia has been in a crossroads between East and West and between the South and the North, therefore it is a multicultural country where is various traditions.